|3 Months Ended|
Mar. 31, 2021
|NOTE J - INVESTMENT||
During the period December 2018 through March 2021, the Company made an aggregate investment of $6,000,000 in ILiAD Biotechnologies, LLC (“ILiAD), a privately held clinical stage biotechnology company dedicated to the prevention of human disease caused by Bordetella pertussis with a current focus on its proprietary intranasal vaccine BPZE1, for the prevention of pertussis (whooping cough). The aggregate investment of $6,000,000 by the Company includes a $5,000,000 equity investment and a $1,000,000 investment in a convertible note (see below). At March 31, 2021, the Company owned approximately 9.5% of the outstanding units of ILiAD on a non-fully diluted basis and 7.6% of the outstanding units on a fully diluted basis (after giving effect to the exercise of all outstanding options and warrants). In connection with its investment, the Company’s Chairman and Chief Executive Officer obtained a seat on ILiAD’s Board of Managers and receives the same compensation for service on the Board of Managers as other non-management Board members. The Company incurred approximately $41,000 of advisory and legal expenses in conjunction with its equity investment in ILiAD which have been capitalized as a component of the equity investment carrying value.
On September 29, 2020, ILiAD presented positive topline Phase 2b trial results of its lead pertussis (whooping cough) vaccine candidate BPZE1 at the virtual World Vaccine Congress. BPZE1 met both primary endpoints of overall safety and induction of mucosal immunity. Specifically, a single vaccination with BPZE1 prevented 90% of colonization by revaccination/challenge three months later (only 10% colonization observed). BPZE1 was differentiated in its ability to demonstrate induction of broad mucosal immunity against whole cell extract (WCE) and pertussis-specific protein antibodies. In addition, BPZE1 induced both IgG and IgA systemic immunity using WCE and pertussis specific protein assays, with durability of response measured to end of study (nine months).
On March 12, 2021, the Company invested an additional $1,000,000 in ILiAD as part of a private offering of up to $23,500,000 of convertible notes (the “Notes”). The Notes have a maturity of three years with interest accruing at 6% per annum. The Notes are required to be converted into a Qualified Financing (minimum financing of $15 million) at the lesser of (i) 80% of the price paid per unit in such offering or (ii) a price based on an enterprise value of $176,000,000. In addition, the Notes shall convert in the event of a merger at the lower of an enterprise value of $176,000,000 or the stated valuation of ILiAD in the merger transaction. In the event of a change-in-control, noteholders will also have the option to have the Notes repaid except in a Qualified Offering or a stock-for-stock merger. The convertible note held by the Company in the principal amount of $1,000,000 has been recorded on the Company’s balance sheet at March 31, 2021 as “Convertible note investment”.
The Company’s investment in ILiAD is accounted for as an equity method investment in accordance with ASC 323, Investments — Equity Method and Joint Ventures as the Company has the ability to exercise significant influence, but not control, over ILiAD. The Company’s investment in ILiAD is measured at cost minus impairment, if any, plus or minus the Company’s share of ILiAD’s income or loss. The Company’s proportionate share of the income or loss from its investment in ILiAD is recognized on a one-quarter lag. At December 31, 2020, the Company owned approximately 9.5% of the outstanding units of ILiAD on a non-fully diluted basis. For the three months ended March 31, 2021, the Company recorded a net loss from its equity investment in ILiAD totaling $210,000.
The difference between the Company’s share of equity in ILiAD’s net assets and the equity investment carrying value reported on the Company’s unaudited condensed consolidated balance sheet at March 31, 2021 is due to an excess amount paid over the book value of the equity investment totaling approximately $5,000,000 which is accounted for as equity method goodwill.
The entire disclosure for equity method investments and joint ventures. Equity method investments are investments that give the investor the ability to exercise significant influence over the operating and financial policies of an investee. Joint ventures are entities owned and operated by a small group of businesses as a separate and specific business or project for the mutual benefit of the members of the group.
Reference 1: http://www.xbrl.org/2003/role/disclosureRef